PED Pressure Equipment Directives
The Pressure Equipment Directive (PED) is European Legislation aimed at removing the technical barriers to trade relating to the supply of pressure equipment throughout Europe. The PED is based on Essential Safety Requirements (ESRs) that govern design, manufacturing, inspection and testing. PED affects most equipment that will be placed on the market in the European Economic Area (EEA) designed for pressures above 0.5 bar g or 7.25 psi g.
PED covers all types of fixed equipment:
- Pressure Vessels
- Steam Generators
- Pressure Accessories
- Safety Accessories
- Assemblies comprising two or more items listed above
TPED 99/36/EC (Transportable Pressure Equipment Directive)
The TPED applies to most transportable pressure equipment within the EU. Unlike the PED, the TPED is not a New Approach Directive. Compliance with one of the officially mandated standards is needed.
U Stamp Product Certification
ASME U STAMP
ASME is the acronym for American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Founded in 1880, ASME is a professional organization focused on technical, education and research issues in the engineering and technology community. ASME develops and maintains internationally recognized industrial and manufacturing codes and standards that enhance public safety. In 1911, ASME formed a committee and it is currently responsible for establishing rules of safety governing the design, fabrication and inspection during construction of pressure vessels, and to interpret these rules when questions arise regarding their content.
Since 1916, ASME has accredited companies in the pressure vessel industry to certify that their products, services and quality system comply with the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. The Symbol on a vessel is used to confirm the stamped item is in conformance to the latest edition of the Code.
Starting right with the design, there are rules to be followed. Parameters such as wall thicknesses, materials, flange ratings, welding details, and extent of nondestructive examination are determined by design conditions such as pressure, temperature, corrosion allowance, fluid running through the strainer, and any specific requests from the customer. Based on these conditions a comprehensive set of calculations are prepared. They are reviewed and approved by the ASME Inspector.
Once the design has been approved, the materials can be purchased. Materials used must comply with the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, in particular Section II Parts A through D. Material Test Reports are required for all materials. These reports include such things as chemical analysis, heat treatment performed (as applicable) and any NDE testing results. Review of the reports will determine if the material is in compliance with the Code requirements. The reports are supplied by the vendor with the material. All material must be clearly identified to trace it to the applicable Material Test Report. The ASME Inspector will check the material and review the Material Test Reports to ensure their conformity to the Code.
Before production can begin, the Inspector will verify that the weld procedure to be used has been qualified and the welders performing the welding are certified. This is in accordance with Section IX. At the same time, the Inspector will inform us of the extent of his inspection on the fabrication part of the job. Usually, he will want to see the strainer fit–up, that is the unit just before the welding is performed. The next step is to review the unit after fabrication is complete to ensure welding was performed to Code requirements. At the same time, he will review any non–destructive testing results. Then he will witness a hydrostatic test performed in accordance with the requirements of Section VIII Division 1. The final step is the application of the nameplate. This is also witnessed by the Inspector. The nameplate will be marked with relevant design conditions and the U or UM Code Symbol.
R Stamp Product Certification
R Stamp Certificate of Authorization Program
The National Board offers the Certificate of Authorization and R symbol stamp for the repair and/or alteration of boilers, pressure vessels, and other pressure–retaining items. Requirements are included in the current edition of the National Board Inspection Code (NBIC), Part 3, Section 1.
Organizations seeking a National Board R Certificate of Authorization must complete NB–12, Application for the National Board R Certificate of Authorization and:
- Have and maintain an inspection agreement with an authorized inspection agency;
- Have a written quality system that complies with the requirements of the current edition of the NBIC and includes the expected scope of activities;
- Have the current edition of all three parts of the NBIC; and
- Have available a copy of the code of construction appropriate to the intended scope of work.
Prior to issuance of a National Board R Certificate of Authorization, the organization and its facilities are subject to a review of its quality system (referred to as a Joint Review). H3 – Scope of work / Steps involved in consultancy services Roots Management Services is having vast industrial experience in such product related certification for all above mentioned products. The steps involved in the process are;
- In–depth product study and identification of design requirements,
- Design approval through authorized agency,
- Preparation of applicable documents.
- Training to all levels of employees within the Organization,
- Verification of technical documents,
Company has to identify the following technical things during implementation;
- Nominate one person as Technical Head for all such technical requirements and product designing,
- Designing of products at micro level
- Approval through nominated bodies as per the relevant ASME requirements.